What is Automata?
Automata is the plural of the word automaton, which describes a self-operating machine or robot. In particular, Pierre was fond of making dolls. To be clear, it is more often used to describe non-electronic moving machines, especially those that have been made to resemble human or animal actions, such as the the cuckoo and any other animated figures on a cuckoo clock.
Who is Pierre Jacquet-Droz?
Pierre Jaquet-Droz (1721–1790) was a Swiss-born watchmaker of the late eighteenth century. He lived in Paris, London, and Geneva, where he designed and built animated dolls, or automata, to help his firm sell watches and mechanical birds.
Constructed between 1768 and 1774 by Pierre Jaquet-Droz, his son Henri-Louis (1752-1791), and Jean-Frédéric Leschot (1746-1824) were The Writer (made of 6000 pieces), The Musician (2500 pieces), and The Draughtsman (2000 pieces).
What was Pierre Jacquet-Droz’s claim to fame?
The automata of Jaquet-Droz are also considered to be some of the finest examples of human mechanical problem solving. Three particularly complex and still functional dolls, now known as the Jaquet-Droz automata, are housed at the art and history museum in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
References: BBC, Wikipedia